Remote work is nothing new nowadays. Even in a traditional place like Germany, more people would like to work from home. Additionally, the wave of digital nomads and expats is on the rise. These individuals prefer to living abroad but still having a sustainable job or online income. But what about Germany? Can you legally live here and work remotely?
You can live in Germany and work remotely if complying with all residence and work permit rules. However, for a stay shorter than 90 days, none or only limited restrictions apply, hence, one can perform a remote job from Germany.
Working remotely and living abroad is very tempting, however, one should always consider the questions about taxation, and social security law, among other things. Moreover, in many cases, a question of a residence and work permit comes into play.
How To Work Remotely and Live in Germany?
Generally speaking, you can work remotely for some company (German or foreign) or being self-employed and reside in Germany. BUT there are a lot of details to it.
In some cases, remote work leads to a change in taxation rights or in the tax and social security status of the employee. Most importantly, all relevant double taxation agreements and social security treaties must be considered before moving to Germany with your remote job.
In any situation, one must pay attention to tax and residence regulations. This doesn’t apply to a tourist, if you stay only for a short time in Germany (less than 183 days) there is no problem. However, usually, tourists can stay for up to 90 days in the EU, if they aren’t European citizens.
Overall, EU/EEA citizens shouldn’t worry much about working remotely within the EU. They can stay in Germany for up to 183 days in a year without any effects. But after that, they will become tax residents, which will be followed by some consequences.
As you see EU/EEA citizens can get away with living or traveling abroad and working quite easily. But it’s different for Non-EU citizens.
If they are working for a foreign company but living permanently in another country, they are theoretically working in that country (Germany). Hence, one must have a work permit in the first place, which is only granted with an associated residence permit.
Moreover, when residing in Germany longer than 6 months, you will be paying the income tax there. Ultimately, we always need to think of the caveats when working remotely and living abroad.
Residence Permit When Working Remotely
Generally speaking, there are no concrete rules in regard to residence permits for remote workers in Germany. You can try your luck, but nothing is guaranteed.
Ultimately, the German government wants to see that you have a job in the company within the country or German clients as an entrepreneur. It can be either a german firm or a subsidiary of a foreign one.
Many nationalities don’t need a visa to visit Europe for a stay up to 90 days in a 180-day window. So theoretically you can live and work remotely in Germany for 90 days quite easily, as long as your employer is fine with it.
To enjoy a longer stay you must apply for a residence permit within Germany in most cases, but some nationalities will have to travel to their home country and apply from there.
Hence, you will need to get some sort of freelancer, self-employed, or working visa in Germany if you are planning to stay more than 3 months at once.
There are few residence permits options you can apply for depending on the person’e situation.
German EU-Blue Card
The main requirements to get a EU-Blue Card in Germany are:
- have a job offer in Germany
- have a recognized high degree associated with a job
- have a salary of at least 56,800 EUR (2021) and 44,304 EUR (2021) for high demand professions
High demand (shortage) professionals are in the fields of mathematics, computer science, natural sciences, and technology as well as doctors.
Your employer has a branch in Germany
EU Blue Card will be granted without a problem if all requirements are fulfilled and your employer is in Germany.
When your company doesn’t have a branch in Germany
If the company you work for doesn’t have a branch in Germany, you must make it clear for the government why you want or need to stay there. Maybe the activity is somehow related to Germany, or you have German clients, etc.
Therefore, expect the immigration office to request some proof, and also one should have German health insurance. Since you don’t have an employer in Germany, you must get a private one: Ottonova and Feather are preferred choices for expats in Germany.
The coverage must be comprehensive than the “international” plans popular among expats in other countries. Hence these providers are your best bet.
For the EU-Blue Card application you will need for sure:
- Foreign employment contract and its translation on German
- Health insurance policy
- Registration in town where you live in Germany (Anmeldung)
German working visa/residence permit
The standard working visa is granted to people with lower income than required by the EU-Blue Card but also for the professions in the shortage list and people without a high degree.
In most cases, the government will need a working contract with a local employer in Germany or the corresponding branch. Your stay in the country should be really justified.
German Freelancer Visa
German Freelancer visa is a perfect solution for digital nomads, self-employed, or online business owners. It’s a long-term residence permit with great advantages.
The main requirement is to work as a freelancer or performing some kind of freelancing activity that can be recognized as such, but also to have clients or partners in Germany.
Finally, keep in mind that the process of applying for a residence permit in Germany can be quite long and involve a lot of paperwork. In most cases, the government will require the following documents as a minimum:
- proof of income from abroad or in Germany
- proof of health insurance coverage in Germany
- proof of long term accommodations (lease) in Germany
- a letter of intent or motivation
All these residence permits will give you a work permit in Germany, which you need! You can’t legally work on a tourist visa. Although you could do it with a student visa and work for up to 20 hours per week. But you need to be enrolled in the university, of course.
Paying Taxes While Working Remotely
This is also a complex topic. As a rule, you pay taxes where you are present physically, and not where the work is contracted or paid for. Consequently, you are obligated to declare income tax in Germany even if the job is abroad.
But a person can be also taxed in another country, like the country of their origin or where they are employed.
Here are general rules for taxation when living abroad.
If you live in Germany for less than 6 month
When spending under 183 days in Germany within a year, you will be still taxable in your home country or where you are employed, without paying anything to the German state.
If you live in Germany for more than 6 month
You will become a tax resident in Germany on your whole world’s income when staying longer than 183 days in Germany (within a year).
(This doesn’t apply to US citizens). So when it comes to paying taxes you won’t pay them in your home country when you are no longer have a place of residence and no longer receive income there. But even if you aren’t physically living in the homeland you might still be liable for taxes if receiving some kind of income from there.
The same applies to Germany, you don’t pay to the country’s tax system if you aren’t residing there and don’t get paid there.
US citizens are taxably liable for their worldwide income in the US even if they live abroad. Therefore, you must file a U.S. federal tax return every year and reporting your global income.
Know your tax liabilities in the home country
As mentioned you will pay taxes in Germany when living there long-term, but you also might have to pay them somewhere else, like in your country of origin, for example.
There are different rules that apply for different countries, but for example in Europe, if you still have an apartment in your homeland, you will pay taxes there. Or you might have certain contracts or subscriptions. However, it will be only a limited tax liability, you pay taxes on income generated in this country.
If you moved out completely from your usual place of residence and don’t have income from a business, rental, capital assets, or independent work there, then you will be exempt from tax liability. Hence, you will pay tax only in Germany.
It can be difficult if you want to continue to operate your business registered in your homeland while living in Germany. It might get deregistered when the tax authorities figure out that you are no longer reside there.
If you are residing in Germany and have an online business or work as a self-employed you will need to pay VAT in Germany if your client is:
- a private individual located in Germany
- business located in Germany
- a private individual located in the EU
The VAT tax in Germany is 19% of the generated revenue from sales.
Double tax agreement
The next step is to determine whether there is a double tax agreement between Germany and your country. For example, US citizens are paying taxes in both countries the US and in Germany.
Nonetheless, they will contribute the biggest amount in Germany due to the double tax agreement.
In fact, they will be paying taxes in Germany first, and only after they get a US tax credit based on the paid German taxes. Therefore, a US taxpayer will generally have to file returns in both countries.
Nonetheless, when it comes to taxes, you are responsible for seeing what, where and how much you owe. In order to avoid unnecessary troubles, request a consultation with a tax advisor in Germany!
Get your free online consultation with German lawyers and tax advisors in different areas of expertise. You can choose between two communication ways: email and phone. Call with the expert starts from 0,42 EUR per minute, instead of paying hundredths of euros for the meeting in person.
When working remotely in another country you must pay attention to all necessary social contributions, otherwise, you might lose your right for a pension, etc.
Like income tax, a person will be liable for social security in the country where he/she physically carry out the work.
As a common rule for your home country, you are no longer subject to social security contributions if not having there a job or residence. Hence, you should get involved with the German social security system to ensure your future.
As a self-employed in Germany, you can opt out from the public retirement system and some other contributions, but you must pay health insurance for sure. The public will come almost to 15% of your monthly revenue, that is why we highly recommend signing for private insurance.
Hence, self-employed can pay only for health insurance.
If you are liable to social security overseas, then it is likely that your employer may also be liable for the employer’s social security in that country.
Your employer may also have withholding obligations as a result. So some people end up paying for social security in two countries.
Americans who work abroad either for an American company or who are self-employed still have to pay U.S. Social Security taxes. In some cases, US citizens can opt out from the American system. It can be done by opening a company or becoming self-employed in Germany.
If you work for a European company
Same as with the double tax agreement there is an agreement about social security between EU/EEA countries. It will protect you from paying social security in Germany and in another EU/EEA state.
Most of the time, the agreement states that an employee remains liable for social security if he/she was sent to Germany by the employer.
Thus, if instead, you choose to relocate to Germany with your remote job on your own, it’s not 100% clear where you and your employer will pay it.
Health Insurance For Germany for Remote Workers
Since the immigration office requests proof of German health insurance all remote workers must have it. You can choose between two types of health insurance, depending on the kind of employment/work you are performing.
If you have your employer in Germany you can get public or private coverage. But for remote workers employed outside of the country of self-employed people, only private health insurance will be available.
Regarding private coverage, Ottonova and Feather are preferred choices for expats in Germany. Feather also provides public health insurance. Ottonova is customized for foreign employees, expats, freelancers, and self-employed
Private health insurance is often chosen by self-employed, students, unemployed, and others, who don’t fulfill the requirements of a public health insurance provider.
Especially self-employed benefit from private coverage, since they must pay 14,6 % of their income when taking out public health insurance. This rule, fortunately, doesn’t apply to private insurance.
Hence, the amount you pay for private insurance isn’t fixed, the rate also doesn’t depend on your income. Overall, premiums vary from one insurance provider to another and depend on the selected package and coverage.
For example, Expat health insurance is insurance that is open to many people, who stay in Germany short or long term and work remotely. The price starts at 72 EUR per month.
This private insurance is good for:
- Employed person
- Self-employed person
Insurance from Feather on the other hand is perfect for a visa application, new arrival to Germany, unemployed as well as self-employed individuals.
Feather is an English-speaking health insurance provider based in Berlin. They offer all types of health insurance, including Public, Private, Dental, Liability, Household insurance and more. For students looking for the cheapest health insurance, their Public coverage is the best.
You can sign up completely online and get full English support anytime, which is why they are our number one recommendation.
The price of comprehensive public insurance for students is 105 EUR per month. You can sign for additional dental insurance for better dental care, which will cover ALL your needs&wants at the dentist’s office for just 9 EUR per month.
Feather offers a wide range of insurance coverage for all types of people, no matter their situation. You can calculate their rates online, where they provide 100% transparency.
Expat health insurance is open to many people who are not employed and need health insurance for their visa application. The price for this coverage starts at 72 EUR per month. You can sign up easily online, and you will be issued your coverage in just 2 minutes.
- New arrivals to Germany
- University students
- Students of language courses
- Interns and trainees
- Expats and unemployed persons
- Self-employed persons who are not earning a high income (less than 50,000€ annually)
- Perfect for your first visa application
Hence, if you need simple insurance for visa application and the first days in Germany, incoming insurance is your best choice.
On the other hand, long term public health insurance from Feather is suitable for:
- University students under 30 years old
- Employees with a German contract
- Self-employed persons who have moved to DE from somewhere else in the EU
Private health insurance – This coverage is great for those earning a high income (more than 65,000€ per year) as it’s generally much less expensive than public health insurance. Here’s who might consider signing up for private health insurance:
- Young and healthy individuals earning more than 65,000€ per year
- Young and healthy self-employed individuals earning more than 45,000€ per year
Private health insurance is recommended to healthy individuals only because any pre-existing health conditions might raise your monthly premium or simply not be covered altogether. For anyone with serious pre-existing conditions, Feather recommends public insurance.
On a Feather website, you can use a tool to estimate the exact monthly rate of the insurance, depending on your situation and income.
Ensure a Good Internet in Germany
All remote workers must have good, reliable, high-speed internet, and we know it can be a problem in Germany. The country is famous for the terrible internet speed and the price you pay for it.
For that reason, you should carefully select your internet provider and the monthly package. Here are my recommendations as a current remote worker:
- O2 my Home M – 19,99 EUR monthly, from the 13th months 29,99 EUR,
50 Mbit/s download, upload up to 10 Mbit/s.
- O2 my Home L – 24,99 EUR monthly, from the 13th months 34,99 EUR
100 Mbit/s download, upload up to 40 Mbit/s.
- DSL 50 – first 6 months 14,99 EUR, after 34,99 EUR monthly, 50 Mbit/s download
- DSL 100 – first 6 months 9,99 EUR, after 39,99 EUR monthly – best deal! – 100 Mbit/s download
- DSL 250 – first 6 months 19,99 EUR, after 49,99 EUR monthly, 250 Mbit/s download
If you need a super-fast internet:
- O2 my Home XL Flex – 34,99 EUR monthly, 250 Mbit/s download, upload up to 40 Mbit/s.
- GLASFASER 1.000 – first 6 months 39,99 EUR, after 69,99 EUR monthly, 1,000 Mbit/s download.
- DSL 250 – first 6 months 19,99 EUR, after 49,99 EUR monthly, 250 Mbit/s download.
- Surf-Flat 300 – first 6 months 14,90 EUR after 39,90EUR; 300 download, upload up to 100 Mbit/s
- Surf-Flat 600 – first 6 months 14,90 EUR after 54,90 EUR; 600 download, upload up to 200 Mbit/s
Also read: Internet in Germany: Best Providers (deals with and without a contract).
Compare providers and rates for various sim cards, insurances, credits & loans, tariffs for internet, electricity, much more to find a perfect deal for your situation. You can do it all on the platform Verivox.de which will also allow you to buy from a selected provider.
Getting Paid in Germany
Another difficulty one might get is the payment process between a foreign employer or client and you living in Germany. Usually, there is no problem when transferring money within the EU/EEA. But as soon as you exit the borders – the frustration raises.
Banking transfers between Germany and non-EU countries can get pretty expensive and take a long time.
You might keep your foreign banking card in Germany to accept payments, but then withdrawals can get expensive as well. The best way is to set up a payment structure by using some online payment tools like PayPal, Stripe, or transfer through Wise.
At the moment, they offer the first 3 transfers for free, so use this opportunity to get money in/out of the country at zero cost.
With CurrencyFair you will send money in minutes or maximum in a couple of days depending on the country, they do it without the involvement of the bank, therefore, the fee is very small.
What Else Do I Need To Consider?
There are many details one needs to watch out for when working remotely from another country. We can’t cover all of them, but the following points are worth considering:
- Immigration law: Do you have a right to work in Germany? Do you need a visa? Ask the advice of the lawyer here.
- Employment law: How you and your employer comply with all rules for remote work? Do they know foreign labor laws? In case of doubt, request an online consultation of an employment lawyer.
- Data protection: How do you handle employer’s or client’s data when working remotely? Is it protected enough?
- Employer liability: Do you have any liability insurance for the work you do in Germany?
- Health and safety: Employers have certain legal responsibilities regarding the health and safety of the employee, which must be reviewed when working remotely.
- Medical insurance: You must have health insurance which has comprehensive coverage in Germany.
- Travel and home insurance: Any policies you need while staying in Germany?
Recommended products and services in Germany:
- Health insurance for students
- Health insurance for expats, employees, business owners, freelancers
- Liability insurance
- Car insurance
- Best price & value sim card and best deal overall including high-speed internet
- Blocked bank account for students
- Best free bank account in Germany
- Loan in Germany with minimal requirements
- Learn German on the best online platform
- Best free bank account in Austria
- Order translation of the documents online
- Check how much you can earn in Germany (for all professions)
- Free online consultation/assessment with German lawyers and tax advisors
- Compare providers and rates for various insurances, sim cards, internet, electricity, banking accounts, credits & loans, and more.
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