Germany always was known as a great place to work. Yet not all people have the same chances of getting a job in this country. The German economy is one of the strongest in the world, and there is always a need for qualified labor. However, we all know that being a foreign national can make our life harder, especially when it comes to getting a job and building the career.
High Demand Jobs in Germany in 2021:
- IT Specialists
- IT Consultants/Analysts
- Data Scientists/Analysts
- Software Developers
- Mechanical and Vehicle Engineers
- Electrical Engineers
- Civil Engineers
- Nurses and Senior Care Workers
- Metal Workers
- Electronics Technicians or Electricians
- Sellers in Retail
Currently, Germany has more than 470,000 open vacancies in 30 professional groups alone. In this post, we analyze jobs with high demand in Germany. These occupations give great career opportunities not only to locals but also to foreigners and expats.
What Jobs Are Most In-Demand in Germany Right Now?
Germany has a big gap in specialists for so-called STEM professions (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics). The demand has increased to 338,000 specialists, 42,000 more than a year ago. Only 15% of all STEM experts in Germany are women.
These experts are especially important for the German economy since they work in leading and innovative German industries and, therefore, generate a lot of added value. That’s why Germany actively welcomes foreigners to work in STEM fields, the government has even lowered the minimum required salary for EU Blue Card to 44,304 EUR annually.
And what is really good to know, is that every 5th employee in the STEM field comes from abroad, so ex-pats and foreigners have high chances of hiring. The German labor market doesn’t have enough local people to fulfill the demand.
Jobs in Demand in Germany with High Degree
The German job market is divided into qualified labor and highly qualified labor, which means people with vocational training and people with high degree.
There are some academic occupations with a particularly high demand amount companies. However, the biggest part of free job positions on the market is reserved for skilled trade professionals (around 70%).
Below you can see the most demanded specialists with a high degree in Germany.
Specialists of the IT sector have been in demand for a long time. Accordingly to the survey, there are around 124,000 open jobs for IT professionals in Germany. In 2018 alone around 42,000 new jobs were created in the IT sector.
The country has seen a 50% increase compared to the previous year. The shortage of IT experts has more than doubled in the past 3 years. The demand also reflected can be seen on the salaries: IT consultants earn according to Gehalt.de on average 75,200 EUR, software developers get around 61,200 EUR.
Berlin as a tech start-up hub has the most offerings, where young professionals can find exciting and perspective jobs. Getting a job in a tech company in Germany is also quite easy without speaking German.
This demand is relevant not only for programmers or software developers but also for computer scientists experts. All industries and businesses, whether automotive manufacturers or law firms need at least one tech-savvy person.
The job prospects for computer scientists could not be better: the career opportunities in this sector are growing year by year. According to Career Builder, the professions currently demand software developers, network administrators, and IT managers.
Wondering how much is the average salary for your profession? Check the Gehalt.de – the best German resource which provides information on all salaries in the country. You can add filters like location, experience, skills, size of the company, and others to see the most accurate numbers!
IT consultants and analysts also belong to the IT specialists, which are in high demand in Germany. The biggest advantage for expats in this category is the opportunity to get a job without any German skills.
More than often such workers don’t require much communication during their job, and the tasks they perform also mostly in the English language.
It’s clear that our future is in the data. Currently, cybersecurity and data analytics are especially needed in the German economy.
Almost every large company collects large amounts of data – whether it’s customer behavior, flows of goods, employees databases, and so on. Data scientists analyze this data to identify patterns that help to optimize processes, attract new customers, or similar things.
Knowledge of statistics and some programming skills are required for such positions. German universities even have a special major for everyone willing to master the data – Data Science. In Germany, data scientists earn on average 58,600 EUR gross.
Computer scientists, IT specialists, software developers, data scientists are all part of IT professionals but they do completely different jobs. Software developers possess several programming languages and can build new computer programs and software.
They also test existing software for errors and find solutions. By now Germany has more than 13,000 open vacancies for this position, almost a third more than a year ago.
Software developers earn on average more than 50,000 EUR per year, which is considered a good salary in Germany. Read more about salary for software developers/engineers in Germany in this post.
Despite the many medical students in Germany, the country sees staff shortages among doctors, which automatically makes them one of the most sought-after professions ever.
Doctors are in short supply in Germany, they officially part of the shortage list. Currently, over 2,000 positions for doctors couldn’t be covered. Many small clinics and small cities/villages are struggling to attract new employees.
Shortages exist in general practitioners, specialists, and in-hospital doctors. The prerequisite for this profession is usually a six-year medical degree which is recognized in Germany.
Germany is a paradise for engineers, with extensive numbers of production companies, I feel like every second person is an engineer. Despite that, engineers fall into a list of shortage professions, which make job search uncomplicated for foreigners.
Almost all majors of engineering are in high demand in Germany, particularly mechanical, automotive, and electrical.
The following fields in engineering are expected to have a high number of vacancies:
- Structural engineering
- Computer science engineering
- Mechanical engineering
- Electrical engineering
- Automotive engineering
Mechanical and Vehicle Engineers
Due to the focus of the German industry, there is a big demand for mechanical engineers in the country. They can work in different areas where construction of technic is needed, for example, automotive, shipbuilding, and manufacturing industries.
Currently, Germany lacks around 5,000 skilled workers in this area and around the same number of engineers. A completed degree in mechanical engineering is a prerequisite for this job.
At the beginning of the career mechanical engineers earn about 40,000 to 45,000 EUR gross.
Today in the smartphone and laptop world electrical engineers are needed everywhere where civilization is. Electrical engineering involves the development and manufacture of electrical, electronic, and energy-related equipment.
If you have studied electrical engineering, you are in great demand in the German labor market. Students can assume that demand will continue to increase steadily.
Potential employers for engineers in Germany can be BMW, Volkswagen, Daimler, Samsung, Siemens, Sony. They are all big German corporations with many thousands of employees and in constant demand for talents.
Civil engineers are also in demand at the moment: such professionals always have to exist because we will never stop building buildings.
Civil engineers can also specialize in a particular area of expertise by taking a master’s program.
Specialists in natural science are on the shortage list too in Germany. They are demanded as employees at universities, research institutions, and in many businesses. These include subjects like Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Ecology, Geology, Astronomy, Meteorology, etc.
Germany has an especially high demand for Chemistry and Biology experts.
Mathematicians are specialists for algebra or geometry. Depending on if it’s theoretical or applicable math they work in many different areas. The subject isn’t very popular to study in Germany, more and more experts are missing in the country.
Mathematicians are needed in many areas: software and telecommunications, research and development, banks and insurance companies, science and teaching at schools, universities. As you can see a person with knowledge of mathematics won’t struggle to find a job in Germany.
Jobs in Demand in Germany with Vocational Training
In Germany, if you have successfully completed vocational training you will be very unlikely unemployed. A lot of German companies across all industries are currently looking for trade professionals, the shortage and demand are very big.
Almost 70% of the free job position in Germany belongs to the non-degree occupations with vocational training.
The shortage is growing every year and local companies experience various complications because of this. Another factor is that nowadays more and more people prefer to study an academic profession instead of learning some trade.
Therefore this trend naturally reduces the amount of available workers every year.
Check how much you can earn in Germany (for all professions).
Nurses and Senior Care Workers
Nurses are in high demand in Germany already for many years, and senior care workers are even in greater demand. The German population is rapidly aging and the country needs more and more workers from abroad to take care of the elderly.
Germany is expecting job growth from 50,000 to 60,000 in the nearest future. The shortage of skilled workers in the care sector is growing rapidly.
Many hospitals and care facilities are already understaffed. Due to demographic change, the shortage will become even worse with the German aging society: according to the forecasts around 500,000 full-time employees will be retired by 2030.
Nurse and caregiver aren’t the easiest jobs in the world, but you will have a good average income of 37,900 EUR as a nurse, and 32,400 EUR as an elderly caregiver.
By 2025 country prognoses a shortage of 150,000 nurses and senior care workers. This promises you excellent career chances.
Nursing in Germany is mainly studied at vocational school, universities only started offering this major in the last 10 years. Vocational training lasts 3 years and foreigners are welcomed to attend it.
Read more about working in Germany as a nurse and its benefits here.
Metalworkers always had been in demand, it is the classic trade profession with different variations and focuses.
Electronics Technicians or Electricians
Electricians are the classical profession that is always in demand everywhere in the world. In Germany, you can choose between many fields such as equipment and systems, automation technology, operation technology, energy and building technology, buildings and infrastructure systems, information and system technology, and others.
Mechatronics is a very sought-after category of professionals in Germany. Nothing works without them. Almost every new technology product which is created today is connected with various components from electronics, mechanics, and computer science. Especially these areas are combined in the profession of mechatronic engineer.
As a specialist for these areas of expertise, you can work in many different fields in Germany. The prerequisite for this job is an apprenticeship/vocational or even a degree as a mechatronics engineer.
Mechatronics engineers with an academic degree can expect starting salary between 40,000 to 45,000 EUR per year, with vocational training a few thousand lower than that.
Sellers in Retail, Sales staff, Sales Assistants
In small shops, in big shops, supermarkets, everywhere, salespeople are in demand. Consumers buy food, technical equipment, furniture, and other items all the time. Logically, retail will continue to exist in the coming years.
For this position, you will be required to know German on a good level, but often not many qualifications are needed, sometimes you can receive training from the employer.
All these occupations can be learned in vocational schools in Germany.
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