Which Country Is Better To Live In: Germany or Australia? 

Germany and Australia are both wealthy, developed countries with a high standard of living. Both countries offer good opportunities for education and employment. However, this doesn’t mean that either country is necessarily better than the other. The decision of which country to live in depends on your individual preferences and priorities.

In this article, we help you decide on the best country to live in between these two. We compare and contrast the two countries regarding the weather, lifestyle, populations, healthcare, jobs, salaries, economy, and cost of living. Hopefully, this information will help you make an informed decision about where to live.

Living in Germany vs Australia

Notably, there are some clear differences between the two countries. Germany has a much higher population density than Australia, and its cities are generally much more crowded. This can make life in Germany feel more hectic and fast-paced than in Australia.

Australia, on the other hand, is a much more spacious country. It has a lower population density, and its cities tend to be more spread out. This, on the other hand, can make Australia feel more relaxed and laid-back than Germany.

Both countries have a lot to offer, but you need to consider the following crucial differences before making a decision:

Weather

Generally, Australia is a warmer country compared to Germany. Australia has the following four seasons across the country:

  • Summer: December to March (average temperature of 29 °C), 
  • Autumn: March to May (from 12.7 to 22.7°C)
  • Winter: June to August (average temperature of 13 °C) 
  • Spring: September to November(11 – 23°C)

German summers are hot, and the winters are cold and snowy, but rains are common and unpredictable during all seasons. The average summer temperature is 22°C, while in winter, it goes up to 3°C. 

The maximum temperatures in Germany are usually -10°C in winter and 35°C in summer. The country has numerous states, each with a unique landscape; this causes the weather to vary from one area to another. 

Below is a table showing a summary of the climate in Germany and Australia: 

ClimateGermanyAustralia
Daytime temperatures13.7 °C24.4°C
Sunshine hours per day4.78
nighttime temperatures5.5°C12.6°C
Relative humidity79%64%
Water temperature9.9°C26.3°C
Source: worlddata.info

Lifestyle 

Germany and Australia have very enormously diverse lifestyles. Australia’s lifestyle is quite laid back compared to the German lifestyle. Australians are pretty easygoing and friendly even to foreigners, as they tend to value good friendships and neighborhoods.

Australia has some of the most beautiful natural landscapes globally; hence, most people enjoy outdoor activities. They value connecting with the earth through nature, part of Australian culture for more than 50,000 years.

Australians love sports; the continent has received awards severally for being the world’s sports capital. According to data by Clearinghouse for Sport, 70% of Australia’s total population participates in one sports activity at least once a week.

On the other hand, Germany’s lifestyle is very private and involves straightforward structure and routines in their life. Germans have high demands for punctuality from their acquaintances, friends, and business partners. 

The lifestyle of a typical worker in Germany usually consists of balancing work and social life. They are very high-skilled and diplomatic at work but love the outdoors, sharing meals, and drinking beer after work or over the weekends.

Germans are very active and engage in many sports, such as football, leading to a healthy life. Nonetheless, obesity in younger people has been increasing in this country. 

Related: Which country is better for living: Australia or the UK?

Population

Germany is approximately 357,022 sq km, while Australia is approximately 7,741,220 sq km, making Australia 68% larger than Germany. Nonetheless, According to Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data, the population in Germany is 802 million. This is 54.7 million higher than Australia, with approximately 26 million people.

The life expectancy for females in Australia is slightly higher than in Germany at 85 years, while women in Germany are 83 years. The life expectancy of men in Australia is somewhat higher at 81 years while Germany’s is at 79 years. 

 Below is a table showing summary details on both Germany’s and Australia’s populations:

FactorGermany Australia
Inhabitants/km²:83,161,00026,693,000
Life expectancy (Females)83 years85 years
Life expectancy (males)79 years81 years
Average age47.9 years37.5 years
Birth rate9.30%11.50%
Immigration rate1.50%7.49%
Death rate11.90%6.30%
Source: worlddata.info

Healthcare

Both Australia and Germany offer free healthcare

In Germany, statutory contributions fund healthcare, making it freely available to all residents and citizens. One can also take out private health insurance to replace or top up state cover. The Federal Ministry of Health is responsible for developing health policy in Germany. The Joint Federal Committee regulates the sector.

Australia uses the medicare health system, which is the government’s public health insurance scheme. This system provides Australian residents free treatment for an optometrist, dental care, psychology services, and treatment by doctors.

The services available through the Medicare healthcare system vary depending on whether you are an Australian citizen, overseas visitor, or visa holder.

The needs and entitlements of an individual are influenced by many components such as the nature and degree of their health status, age, gender, location, and cultural background.

Jobs

Both Germany and Australia have numerous exciting job opportunities for foreigners and locals.

There are plenty of job opportunities in all industries in Germany, but most of them are concentrated in the STEM fields.

Alongside jobs in German, many English-speaking positions are available for expats. Tech and IT have the majority of vacancies for non-German speakers since the jobs involve little to no human interaction.

To get them, you have to meet specific qualifications and have experience. Lower manual work jobs are usually done by German-speaking people with the exception of the hospitality and tourism industry.

Employees enjoy several benefits when working in Germany. It includes health, pension, unemployment insurance, paid vacation, and parental leave. Workers also rarely do overtime.

Germany regularly needs foreign workers, from high qualified expats to common laborers. The immense opportunities with the highest salaries are within STEM industries, such as IT, research, and engineering.

It’s essential to have qualifications to work in Germany as a non-EU national. Sticking to the job for at least two years can get you permanent residency in Germany when coming on an EU Blue Card.

In Australia, there are numerous job opportunities in all fields. However, the top jobs in Australia are accounting, education, computer system design, hospitality, and medical services.

Regarding the unemployment rate, both Australia and Germany have low rates below the OECD average of 5.6 %. Australia ranks number 20 among the countries with the lowest unemployment, with a current rate of 5.2%, while Germany is at 5.4 %.

Check out the most in-demand jobs in Germany in 2022.

Salaries

According to the Federal Statistical Office of Germany, an employee in Germany earns an average of 3,810 EUR per month before taxes. Salaries in the country range from 960 EUR to 17,000 EUR. The average monthly wage includes transport, housing, and other benefits. Salaries vary drastically between different careers.

Individual salaries can vary significantly from this figure, as they are affected by career path, age, working hours, seniority, experience in the industry, and geographical location. 

Below is a table showing the average salary in Germany by industry based on the 2021 salary report:

OccupationAverage annual gross income (€)
Banking62.744 
Finance73.847 
Law68.642
Doctor89.539 
Consulting64.173 
Finance73.847
Doctor89.539
Law68.642 
Consulting64.173
Banking62.744
Engineering62.564
Production / Manufacturing60.046
IT60.563
Marketing / PR 60.174
Sales59.691
HR58.029
Construction57.270
Design48.574
Scientific research56.399
Logistics50.538
Health & social services45.724 
Media45.121
Skilled crafts & trades44.710
Wholesale & retail45.067 
Administration43.788

On the other hand, an employee in Australia usually earns approximately 90,800 AUD (60,831 EUR) per year or 5,069 EUR per month gross. It’s significantly higher than in Germany. Salaries range from 23,000 AUD (15,408 EUR) to 405,000 AUD (271,330 EUR).

 Below is a table showing the average salary for different occupations in Australia:

OccupationSalary (AU$)
CEO or Managing Director242,500 
Senior Manager146,000
Other Managers109,000
Skilled professionals87,000
Associate Professional and Technical 72,000
Trades Workers 60,000 
Laborers50,000
Source: talent.com

Economy

Both Germany and Australia have strong and resilient economies which have been leading globally for years. The automotive industry remains the most productive in Germany, with 436 billion euros per annum earnings.

The vehicle manufacturing industry also secures earnings for other sectors. Mainly because it has close links with companies in the metal, chemical, textile, electrical engineering, and steel industries.

Another industry that generates high returns in Germany is the healthcare industry, generating approximately 372 billion euros per year. The electrical industry and electrical engineering usually generate 191 billion euros per year. With a broad portfolio of services, these sectors offer various employment opportunities.

On the other hand, Australia is highly developed with a mixed-market economy. According to data by the World Bank, Australia has the 18th and 13th largest economy by PPP-adjusted GDP and nominal GDP (Gross Domestic Product), respectively. Additionally, it’s the 20th-largest goods importer and 25th-largest exporter globally.

The Australian economy is dominated by the service sector, which comprises 62.7% of the GDP and employs 78.8% of the labor force. Australia has numerous natural resources which immensely contribute to its economy; these resources are valued at $19.98 trillion. 

Cost of living 

The cost of living in Germany is pretty low compared to Australia. The average cost of living for a single person in Australia is AU$3,537 (2,353 EUR) per month. It’s at least 9% more expensive than in Germany (2,160 EUR).

However, in reality, Australia is significantly more expensive if we consider cities like Sydney and Melbourne. Australia ranks 16th among the most expensive countries to live in, while Germany ranks 31st. 

As a household in Australia, you are likely to spend, on average, AU$2,200 (1,473 EUR) per week or about AU$8,000 (5,359 EUR) per month. This estimate includes home loans or rents at an average of AU$600 a week, followed by food and eating out at AU$400 (267 EUR), and insurance and other financial services at AU$200 (133 EUR).

  • Housing – AU$2,400
  • Food – AU$1,600
  • Insurances and others – AU$800
  • Total: at least AU$4,800 or 3,194 EUR per month

In Germany, the cost of living varies depending on your location and way of life. However, on average, you’ll require about 1,500 EUR per month and at least 18,000 EUR per year to live comfortably as a single. A family of four will need 3,906 EUR per month to live a good life in Germany.

All the prices for entertainment, food, clothes, accommodation, and other bills in Germany are usually in line or even cheaper than the EU average.

Anna

Anna is an enthusiastic expatriate with experience of living in Germany, Austria and Greece. She shares her passion for living abroad on this website.

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