Jobs in Germany for Foreigners in 2021

Sep 7, 2021Move to Germany, Work in Germany

The German job market currently has 1,2 million open vacancies, many of which are suitable for foreign candidates. It also shows how great work opportunities for foreigners are in Germany. Are you a foreign national and looking to live and work in Germany?

Top Jobs in Germany for Foreigners in 2021 can be found in:

  • Science
  • Technology
  • Engineering
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine
  • Nursing

The German labor market lacks skilled professionals in several important areas where filling this gap isn’t possible without hiring people from abroad. Furthermore, Germany is known for its aging population. It’s estimated that by 2025 more than four million Germans will retire. This will create further opportunities for foreigners wishing to live and work in Germany. Learn in this article how you can get a job in Germany as a foreigner in 2021.

Working as a Foreigner in Germany

Most foreign nationals need to apply for a residence and work permit in order to work in Germany.

Where residence permit application is submitted in the German embassy abroad and work permit at the Federal Employment Agency. The whole process can take several months, so plan your employment early on.

The most important factors that influence a success rate are the professional qualification and the job itself. In some areas, foreigners have a hard time getting all the necessary permits.

For some third countries, however, such as the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Israel, Japan, and the Republic of Korea, there are agreements to simplify the procedure for finding work without knowledge of German.

Nonetheless, the legal hurdles for well-qualified foreigners and specialists with academic backgrounds to get a job in Germany have been reduced in the last few years.

For example, since August 1, 2012, people with a recognized in Germany university degree have had access to the EU Blue Card. It’s a residence and work permits at once.

For this, you need to prove your university degree and have a job offer with a salary of at least 56,800 EUR and 44,304 EUR for shortage professionals (2021). For Blue Card approval from the Federal Employment Agency is not required.

Shortage professionals include specialists in:

  • mathematics
  • information technology
  • natural sciences
  • technology
  • health care

Moreover, simplified regulations on the labor market apply for all foreign candidates with academic or vocational qualifications.

Hence, access to the German labor market is possible without approval from the Federal Employment Agency, which was a necessity in the past. Yet, the qualifications of the applicant must be equivalent to the German one.

New Immigration Laws in Germany 2021

Foreign job seekers now have much better chances in Germany thanks to the new immigration law. New rules give qualified professionals from non-EU countries more opportunities to come and work in Germany. 

Who are qualified professionals?

  1. People with completed vocational training in Germany
  2. People with completed vocational training abroad
  3. People with a university degree which is comparable one in Germany

Note that both groups have to get their qualifications recognized by the competent authorities in Germany.

You can easily access German labour market

With new rules, it’s also easier to access the labor market. You only need to have a working contact with the future employer in Germany and professional qualifications recognized in Germany.

In that case, Federal Employment Agency doesn’t have to prove whether there are other suitable candidates for this position from Germany or the EU. You will get a job and work permit with no priority check.

This also means you can receive a work permit for any job and not only for one from the shortage list.

For people with vocational training

Furthermore, foreign candidates with competed vocational, i.e. non-academic training have great chances of getting a job in Germany.

Now you aren’t restricted to only jobs from the skills shortage list. In fact, you can work in all occupations which are covered by your professional qualification.

International students can work a full-time job in Germany

Previously all students must have finished their studies in Germany before undertaking a full-time job. With new rules, you can stop your studies at some point and get a full-time job if you want to.

The job offer should match your professional area. At that point, you can only undertake a trade (vocational) job and not the academic one.

Besides that, you can switch from studies to vocational training (Ausbildung).

High Demand Jobs in Germany

Foreigners are commonly hired in occupations with high demands in Germany. And understandably so, there are just not enough Germans to cover all open vacancies.

There is a continuously high demand for people with certain professional skills on the German labor market. These include professionals with a university degree but specialists with vocational education.

Some high degree high demand jobs are:

  • physicians
  • engineers
  • teachers
  • natural scientists
  • mathematicians
  • IT specialists

Specialists with vocational qualifications are:

  • Nurses
  • Caregivers
  • Various technicians

Moreover, millions of Germans will retire over the coming years which will create demand also in areas where there are no shortages yet.

The healthcare sector is also suffering a shortage of workers as many current medical professionals approach retirement age.

The unemployment rate is low in Germany, where skilled workers in science, technology, engineering, and maths (STEM) and health occupations are in short supply, particularly in southern and eastern Germany. 

Also, more IT specialists and mathematicians are needed in different areas of the economy, such as banks, insurance firms, and other large companies.

More and more businesses switch to automatization and digitization, hence the demand for IT people will rise exponentially in the future.

Studies and forecasts have shown that Germany will have a shortage of approximately three million workers by the year 2030.

Even now, every 5th employee in the STEM field comes from abroad, very often from India.

According to July 2020 statistics, there are currently just over 573,000 job vacancies in Germany. Vacancies include particularly skilled professions as well as casual work in areas such as English teaching and hospitality.

The German labor market doesn’t have enough local people to fulfil the demand. 

Health Care

Nursing is one of the biggest areas where Germany needs much more workers than is currently available on the market.

Additional 150,000 nurses will be required over the next ten years in German hospitals and nursing homes.

Doctors are also needed in Germany. For example, currently, the German healthcare system needs about 5,000 physicians to fill the need. For getting a job as a doctor you need to recognize your medical training in Germany.

Engineering and Science

Germany is one of the world leaders in technology and innovation. Hence, it has a large amount of manufacturing companies with a high number of listings for various engineering and technical positions.

These mainly include specialists in the automotive, mechanical and electrical engineering fields as well telecommunications and information technology.

Also read: Average salary of the mechanical engineer in Germany.

Demand for IT specialists has risen by a quarter, in 2018 around 42,000 new jobs were created in the IT sector. The shortage of IT experts has more than doubled in the past 3 years alone.

This demand is relevant not only for programmers or software developers but also for computer scientists experts. All industries and businesses, whether automotive manufacturers or law firms need at least one tech-savvy person.

It also includes mathematicians and specialists in different fields of science such as biotechnology or nanotechnology. With a large pharmacological industry, Germany has a particularly high demand for chemistry and biology experts. 

Various scientists are needed at universities, research institutions, and in many businesses.

The gap in specialists for so-called STEM professions (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) increased to 338,000 specialists, 42,000 more than a year ago.

Potential employers for engineers in Germany can be BMW, Volkswagen, Daimler, Samsung, Siemens, Sony. They are all big German corporations with many thousands of employees and in constant demand for talents.

Hospitality and Tourism 

Finally, jobs related to hospitality and tourism continue to be in high demand. Hotels, restaurants, cafes are mission on staff members.

Check how much you can earn in Germany (for all professions).

How to work as a nurse in Germany? Read in this article!

English speaking jobs in Germany

Finding an English-speaking job in Germany is challenging but possible. Generally, job seekers are limited by employment in big international companies or some English-speaking jobs, such as teacher and tutor.

Applicants must keep in mind, that only 3 in 100 jobs in Germany are in English. And even job advertisements in English don’t mean you don’t need German skills at all.

Often you can see requirements for good German and English written in the ad.

Foreigners who look for jobs in international companies or tech startups have a higher chance of finding work in Germany without speaking German.

Foreigners who want to work in HR, accounting, marketing, consulting, health care, or law have the least opportunity to find employment in English in Germany.

In the end, it strongly depends on your skillset, for some professions lack of german isn’t an issue, for example in the IT sector, which doesn’t require much interaction with customers.

Your job success with only English is highly dependent on:

  • Your skills and work experience
  • The industry or career you hope to work in
  • Where in Germany you’re living (or where you hope to relocate to)

Also read: How to get a job in Germany without speaking German?

List of jobs for non-German speakers:

Jobs with high degree required:

  • Software Developer
  • Systems Administrator
  • Social Media Manager 
  • Content writing
  • Digital Marketing
  • Customer Service (International)
  • English Teacher/Tutor
  • College Professor/Tutor

Jobs with no qualifications or vocational training:

  • City Guide
  • Waiter/Barkeeper
  • Hotel staff
  • Courier
  • Translator
  • Freelancer
  • Flight Attendant
  • Pet Sitting
  • Babysitting
  • Cleaning

Skills

Your chances of finding a job will be generally higher if you have a highly demanded skill that doesn’t require much interaction with customers and such.

IT jobs might suit very well in this case. All professions in the shortage list offer great opportunities for foreigners who are willing to work in Germany, even if they don’t speak the local language.

Industry

The tourism sector can offer English speakers a wide range of jobs. As well as the IT industry, engineering, and scientific research. English speaking tutors and college professors are most welcomed in Germany.

Location

Here are German cities with the largest amount of English-speaking jobs:

  1. Berlin
  2. Munich
  3. Hamburg
  4. Frankfurt
  5. Düsseldorf
  6. Stuttgart
  7. Cologne
  8. Dresden

German regions with most English speaking jobs:

  1. Bavaria
  2. Berlin
  3. North Rhine-Westphalia
  4. Hesse
  5. Baden-Würtemberg
  6. Hamburg

Berlin is great for expats, as it is by far the largest city in the country and probably the most international socially and professionally. It has a high concentration of startups and international companies, and many of them use English for daily work.

Secondly, you can have a look at Munich yet another English-Friendly city to work in Germany. Great place for accounting, finance, and engineering.

Thirdly, Hamburg – the third biggest city in Germany, located on the river Elbe. The city is known as a hub of technology and industry, meaning that English will be at least a bit more commonly spoken here than in other regions of Germany. You can receive a perspective job in manufacturing, technology, or medicine.

Finally, Dusseldorf and Frankfurt are financial cities and also have a significant amount of international workers.

Where to look for the English-speaking job in Germany?

On these websites, you can see all available English-speaking jobs in Germany:

Teaching English in Germany for native speakers

Most opportunities for native English speakers are, of course, can be found in teaching professions.

You can teach English in Germany in various places ranging from normal schools to lecturing at university. For this job, one will need a suitable degree or TEFL qualification and experience.

Language schools

Many language schools in Germany hire English teachers who are working on a freelance basis.

Universities and colleges

Also, various universities look for English-speaking professors and lecturers. For example, any business school in Germany will gladly hire a native English lecturer, since most of their classes are taught in English.

Also read: How to get a job in Germany without speaking German?

Cafes, Bars, Restaurants and Hotels

Many foreign students (including exchange students) enjoy working in the hospitality industry during their studies in Germany. If this field is something for you, you can also get a full-time and long-term job in one of those places.

*If you are studying in Germany, you are allowed to work up to 20 hours per week.

Banking and Finance

Frankfurt is the European financial capital with a large number of expats from around the world. Most of them are working in the financial industry.

The city is home to 400 banks, as well as the Frankfurt stock exchange which is the largest in Germany.

Possible jobs in German finance:

  • Accountant
  • Finance manager
  • Associate
  • Manager
  • Director
  • Chief product officer
  • Investments manager
  • Fund manager
  • Business controller
  • Finance analylist

However, jobs in finance are available for expats in other German cities besides Frankfurt.

Management

International leaders are needed in all parts of the world. Professionals with experience of working in different countries are highly valuable.

Possible jobs in management:

  • Teamlead
  • Project manager
  • Supply chain manager
  • HR manager
  • Customer service manager
  • IT manager
  • General manager
  • Social media manager
  • Data manager and many other

See more English-speaking managerial positions in Germany here.

Jobs in large international companies

Foreign specialists have great opportunities in getting a job in a large German corporation. Most of them have branches in other countries.

Some of the biggest companies in Germany, and eventually your potential employers, include:

  • Volkswagen (automotive)
  • Daimler (automotive)
  • Allianz (finance)
  • BMW (automotive)
  • Siemens (electronics)
  • Bosch (electronics)
  • Deutsche Telekom (telecommunications)

Come to Germany for Job Search in 2021

As a non-EU citizen, you can also come to Germany and look for a job. This is now possible thanks to the new immigration law, where everyone with professional qualifications can come and search for a job.

You will receive a residence permit for up to six months. The main requirement is the recognizing of your foreign qualifications by the competent authority in Germany.

However, applicants also need to have enough funds on the banking account and knowledge of German on the B1 level. Furthermore, on the Job Seeker Visa, you can work for up to 10 hours per week.

You haven’t finished university? Read more about how one can get a job in Germany without a university degree.

Factors influencing your chances of getting a job in Germany

Overall your chances of getting a job in Germany as a foreigner are highly dependent on:

  • Your nationality
  • Your skills and work experience
  • The industry or career path
  • Where in Germany you’re living (or where you hope to relocate to)

Nationality

The number one important factor when looking for a job in Germany is your country of origin or which passport do you have.

If you’re a citizen of an EU/EEA country you can easily move to Germany and start your job search without a university degree, since you don’t need a work permit. 

You can choose from a wide range of jobs for unqualified workers in all sectors, depending on your goals and interests.

For non-EU/EEA citizens, the process of finding a job in Germany isn’t that easy. They will need to apply for an appropriate visa and work permit.

German Work Visa

Depending on where you are from different rules apply:

  1. USA, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Israel, Australia, or New Zealand? You’re allowed to come to Germany and stay there visa-free for up to 90 days (as a tourist). If you also want to work there, you’ll need to apply for a residence permit.
  2. Other than the countries listed above? You’ll need to apply for a work visa. That means you have to get a signed work contract before entering Germany.

German Work Permit

The work permit enables you to work in Germany as a non-EU citizen. There are some exemptions for work permit requirements:

  • Andorra
  • Australia
  • Japan
  • Israel
  • New Zealand
  • Republic of Korea
  • Albania
  • USA
  • San Marino
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Macedonia
  • Kosovo
  • Serbia and Montenegro

These countries can enjoy simplified processes of getting a work permit in Germany.

To get a work permit in Germany the applicant must have a concrete job offer and related professional qualifications. Moreover, professional qualifications must be recognized in Germany.

Besides that requirements, German employment authorities will check if the conditions for foreign employees correspond to those for German employees. It includes remuneration, vacation days, and working hours.

Read about the best paid vocational professions in Germany.

Are you an American looking for a job in Germany? Read this post.

Recommended products and services in Germany:

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