Ausbildung is also known as vocational training or apprenticeship, is a great way to start your career in Germany. It is a profession-related education, which includes theory and practice at the same time. Germany has more than 300 vocational occupations, and for each of these, one can find a training program! The question is, however, can a non-EU citizen apply for an Ausbildung in Germany?
The answer is yes, all nationalities are allowed to apply for an Ausbildung in Germany. Although some occupations will require you to undergo an approval process from the Federal Employment Agency (Vorranprüfung), their decision will determine if a foreign candidate receives a visa or not.
Therefore, as a non-EU citizen, you better choose the profession which doesn’t require such approval. It will increase the chances of receiving a visa for vocational training in Germany. In this post, you will learn which Ausbildung programs are on the list and how you can apply for one.
Ausbildung in Germany for Non-EU Citizens
Ausbildung is a dual professional training, a combination of theory and practice. It is a common way to receive a qualification in Germany without attending the university, however, jobs are usually trade and craft orientated.
The program is available for all nationalities, whether is German, EU, or non-EU. Europeans and Germans are prioritized by German employers and especially the government since they have freedom of movement and can undertake employment without any restrictions.
As a non-EU citizen, you will only need a school-leaving diploma and German language skills. There is no legal requirement for a specific school and language certificate. The company, and not the state, decides if your educational background and language are sufficient for a program.
A lot of businesses in Germany are having a hard time finding trade professionals with special qualifications, consequently, you have very good chances of receiving an Ausbildung place.
Which trades are especially suffering? Nursing is among them, it’s a field where the demand is much higher than the availability and it is a good opportunity for even non-EU citizens to take advantage of.
Some programs will even take people with relatively weak German and concentrate and their language skills at first. But keep in mind there is no Ausbildung training that teaches in English.
Germany also needs many craft workers, you can see the entire list here. Therefore, by choosing one of these occupations for your Ausbildung program, you will have the best opportunities in Germany and a high chance of getting a visa.
Other programs might demand higher qualifications and to have you already a pretty good German, especially clerk jobs and other costumers orientated occupations.
However, it’s advisable to be confident in the local language before starting vocational training, as you might experience difficulties in professional school because of the lack of German.
Consequently, an applicant will need some German to cope with the training! There is no Ausbildung program without theory, reading, written exams, lectures. B1 is a good level to start but you surely will improve it with time.
By the end of the program, students pass the final exam and receive a certificate that allows them to work only in the concrete occupation they were trained for. This certificate is also recognized in many other countries including the EU, so you won’t be limited by Germany.
German Ausbildung allows foreigners from non-EU countries to obtain a high-quality vocational education, which allows them to work internationally.
Wondering how much you can earn as a trainee in Germany? Read about best paid Ausbildung programs in Germany.
How to Get a Place for Ausbildung as a Non-EU Citizen?
So you are determined to go through vocational training in Germany? What you will need to do for it, and what is a plan to action?
Firstly good news, after changes in the immigration law of Germany in March 2020, people from non-EU countries have higher chances in Germany if they want to complete Ausbildung.
Foreigners from all countries in the world can start vocational training in Germany. Ausbildung graduates have very good career opportunities in Germany based on the current legislation: after the vocational training, foreigners can stay in Germany in order to work in this profession.
After 2 years of work, they will be able to receive a permanent residency for Germany.
Steps to Follow for Ausbildung in Germany
As a foreigner, you need to plan ahead when applying for Ausbildung in Germany. Some companies look for trainees are as early as one year before the program starts.
- Prepare your application documents
Since you have a different school-leaving diploma, and it is in another language, you need to get it recognized and translate to the German language.
The recognition process happens in Germany, you will be required to send your documents to one of the departments in the region you want to live in. Read more about it here.
- Find and apply for Ausbildung place
There are two main ways one can find a place for Ausbildung in Germany.
- To apply from home country and pass the interviews via Skype
- Or come to Germany on a special visa to seek an Ausbildung and find a desirable place (read more below)
- Apply for Ausbildung visa
The last step is to finally apply for your visa for vocational training. This can be done from your home country at the nearest German embassy or in Germany if you are already there. The visa costs 60 EUR.
We will explain some steps more in detail later in the article.
Read the full guide about Ausbildung in Germany!
Visa for seeking the Ausbildung in Germany
It’s not necessary to seek a training place from your home country. If you want to come to Germany to find an Ausbildung, you can do it!
No more months-long searches for a place and Skype interviews, get to know your future employer and school personally. Furthermore, you can also work up to 10 hours per week during this time.
Requirements for an apprenticeship seeking visa:
- School leaving diploma
- German language level B2
- Maximum age 25
- Financial proof of 600-700 EUR for a month
- Health insurance
- Proof of accommodation
*if you are already residing in Germany, it’s not necessary to provide proof of German language proficiency. It is not a requirement for the Ausbildung program but might be a requirement for the Ausbildung visa.
With the Ausbildung seeking visa, you are allowed to stay in Germany for up to 6 months, look for vocational training, and if needed, to do internships in potential companies of employment. Although, this permit prohibits foreign applicants to undertake any employment.
After you successfully have found a spot in a professional school, you can apply for an Ausbildung visa from Germany.
Are there any age restrictions you need to be aware of? Read in this article.
Apply for an Ausbildung Visa
After you have received a place for vocational training, you will need to apply for a visa in order to be able to come to Germany and do your training.
However, citizens of Australia, Israel, Japan, Canada, South Korea, New Zealand, and the United States of America can travel to Germany without a visa and apply for a residency permit after arrival.
The visa or residence permit application can be done either from your home country or from Germany if an applicant is already residing here. Therefore you need to have some prior German visa besides the touristic one.
This can be all types of visa (residence permits) with exceptions for only tourism purposes and learning German purposes.
You should submit your application with all the required documents. Including:
- Ausbildung contract
- *Language certificate for nurses
As I mentioned before it’s an employer who is responsible to check your language sufficiency, there is no language requirement for the Ausbildung visa. Nevertheless, applicants for nursing Ausbildung are obligated to have at least a B2 German language certificate.
This rule was introduced on 1 January 2020 and took place from March 2020. All foreigners who want to do vocational training in the health care field will need to prove their language skills in order to get a visa.
There are also conditions that must be met when you apply for an Ausbildung visa, some of them similar to the Ausbildung seeking visa:
- To have a signed contract with a vocational school or the employer
- To provide financial proof: salary during the Ausbildung, or funds on banking account or letter of commitment from a German resident
The visa costs 100 EUR.
With residence permit for Ausbildung foreign trainees can work an additional 10 hours per week, this can be a student part-time job or such.
Furthermore, all your documents must be translated to German by the official interpreter. You can order online all kind of translations by using this platform.
Although non-EU citizens will face another obstacle when applying for a German visa for Ausbildung. Applicants for some occupations/programs will go through the approval of the Federal Employment Agency. If they don’t approve it, one won’t receive a visa.
What are the most demanded jobs in Germany in 2021? Read in this article.
Approval of the Federal Employment Agency
Before granting approval, the Federal Employment Agency will check whether the Ausbilding place has other potential candidates from Germany and the EU.
In Germany, it is called Vorranprüfung. Consequently, people from the EU don’t need to undergo such approval, and they also don’t need a visa.
However, the proof is only necessary for dual Ausbildung programs and not the educational ones. During the dual Ausbildung, a student will get paid and during the latter one not.
Dual programs include most of the practice-orientated professions including salesperson, mechatronic technician, clerk, industrial clerk.
The educational programs are all medical professions including nurses, educators, speech therapists, physical therapists as well as machine operators, technical assistants for computer science, and others.
Although nurses and senior care belong to the educational Ausbildung programs, they are the exceptions, such occupations don’t require proof by the Federal Employment Agency.
The reason for this is that they fall into a Positive list of professions, which are demanded and in shortage in Germany. You can see the entire list of occupations for which you can receive a visa without approval by the Federal Employment Agency here.
Read more about Ausbildung structure in Germany.
There is also an exception for graduates of German schools abroad, who wish to complete an Ausbildung in Germany. They may be granted a residence permit without the approval of the Federal Employment Agency.
Can Non-EU Citizens Work After Ausbildung?
Yes, they can! One can remain in Germany to work in their area of expertise. Upon successful completion of your vocational training, you can extend your residence permit for one more year to find a suitable job in Germany. During this year you can work full-time to support yourself.
After you receive a job offer, a residence permit for work purposes can be obtained, this will allow you to stay and work in Germany long-term.
Ausbildung’s graduates are also eligible to receive a permanent residence permit after just 2 years of work and holding a residence permit for employment.
To find the best paid and suitable job, check how much you can earn in Germany with an Ausbildung education.
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